Thursday, September 17, 2015

Othello Act 2 Summary Response Outline

Summary Response Outline
By: Rachel Kelley and Mikaila Kuhl

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • In the writing of Othello, Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy can rule one’s decisions.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • In the start of act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and there is a great celebration. Iago quickly took advantage of this situation, and used it to follow through with his atrocious plan to take the title of Lieutenant from Cassio.
  • Explanation of ideas
  • He decided to do this by tricking Cassio into drinking himself into oblivion, who has stated that he can hardly handle even a single cup of alcohol. In his drunken state, Cassio becomes oversensitive and takes extreme offense to a small comment, which ends up starting a fight between him and Montano. Montano is severely injured and Cassio is stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates how jealousy can cause one to go to extreme measures to accomplish their goal.
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Act 2 in Othello, written by William Shakespeare, evidently illustrates how jealousy can rule one’s decisions because it can cause one to go to extreme measures to subdue the origin of their jealousy.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • At the start of Act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and everyone is in a joyful state. Later a celebration occurs and as most people know, celebrations tend to come with alcohol. Iago took advantage of this situation and used the skills he excels the most at, persuasion and manipulation.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • In the midst of the celebration,  Iago and Cassio were speaking to each other and Iago convinces Cassio to drink, even after being told that he does not handle alcohol well. Cassio states, “‘O, they are our friends! But one cup; I’ll drink for you’‘I have drunk but one cup tonight, and that was craftily qualified too, and behold what innovation it makes here. I am unfortunate in the infirmity and dare not task my weakness with any more’‘What, man! ‘Tis a night of revels. The gallants desire it’” (Shakespeare 2. 3. 38-45).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Cassio made it clear to Iago that he does not handle alcohol well, but Iago being the persuasive man he is, convinces Cassio that he needs to drink the wine to celebrate. Cassio quickly gives in and decides to have another drink, even though he knows the consequences. Once he is drunk, Cassio engages in a fight with Montano after Montanon made an “offensive” comment towards Cassio. Therefor Cassio was stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
    • However, not at all parts in Act 2 of Othello show that jealousy causes someone to take extreme measures to get what they want. This is verified by Roderigo in the many moments when he is jealous of Othello because of his wife Desdemona, but he doesn’t decide to take extreme measures. Most of the revenge that is occurring is Iago and not Roderigo.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Instead, Roderigo decided to just be Iago’s puppet and help him, ignorantly, with his plan, “‘I will do this, if you can bring it to any opportunity’‘I warrant thee. Meet me by and by the citadel. I must fetch his necessaries ashore’” (Shakespeare 2.1. 303-306).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Roderigo essentially states that he will do whatever it takes to get Desdemona back. At this instant in the story though it is not jealousy causing Roderigo to follow along with Iago’s outrageous plan, but his  desperation for love.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (Rebuttal)
  • At first glance it seems as though desperation may be the cause of the whole plot  being followed through with. Although Roderigo was jealous he did not let that dictate his decisions. He just went along with Iago’s plan, and had a different idea of what he and Iago were doing. Roderigo believed that Iago was just trying to help him. This conclusion seems compelling because desperation can cause people to do some crazy things, such as what Iago has done. Roderigo is desperate as well, but for love and he does not concoct a plan to get Desdemona back. While this conclusion seems reasonable at first glance, we should look closer at what Iago has done. Iago concocted a big elaborate plan to strip Cassio of the title Lieutenancy through many different people, such as Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo. The cause of this plan to be created was Iago’s vast jealousy towards Cassio, and it escalated so that eventually Montano is injured and Cassio loses his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly, Shakespeare presents in Othello how jealousy can lead to one taking extensive measures to get rid of the source of their jealousy.

1 comment:

  1. Punctuate title, no opinion words in summary, make sure to include title in summary concluding sentence

    Explanation of quotes: explain quote and connect to claim/counterclaim point

    Rebuttal: spend more time on your side.