Sunday, October 4, 2015

Othello Act 5 Summary Response Outline

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • In the writing of Othello, Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy can rule one’s decisions and actions.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • In Act 5 of Othello, Iago’s jealousy has driven him to the point of convincing Roderigo to kill Cassio, and Othello to kill Desdemona.
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Iago’s actions and decisions are controlled by his jealousy and need for revenge, and it affects everyone around him. When Roderigo fails to kill Cassio, Iago kills Roderigo, and also kills his own wife Emilia when she tells of his lies.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy rules one’s decisions and actions.
  • Only third person
  • Supporting ideas
    • no quotes
  • facts; no opinions
  • Explain ideas
  • Concise
  • Attribute ideas back to author
  • No plot
  • In your own words

Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • In Act 5 of Othello, Shakespeare illustrates how jealousy rules one’s actions and decisions, because it can lead to an escalation of events until it results in death.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • At the beginning of Act 5, Iago is planning how Roderigo will kill Cassio, at the same moment Othello is waiting to kill Desdemona. Cassio and Roderigo are both wounded, but neither are dead. Iago kills Roderigo to keep him from talking, and makes it seem as if he was protecting Cassio.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Iago says to himself, “Now, whether he kill Cassio, Or Cassio him, or each do kill the other, Every way make my gain,” (Shakespeare 5.1. 13-15).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago is saying that it does not matter much the outcome of the fight, because either way will be a win for him. This correctly portrays how Iago’s jealousy controlled his actions so that he set up a scene that could only end with a murder.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
    • However, Act 5 of Othello also shows that it is not always jealousy that controls one’s decisions and actions to the point of death. This is proved through Othello’s killing of Desdemona. Othello killed Desdemona out of anger rather than jealousy.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Othello tells Desdemona that the reason for his actions is because she was unfaithful to him, “By heaven, I saw my handkerchief in’s hand. O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart, And makest me call what I intend to do A murder, which I thought a sacrifice: I saw the handkerchief” (Shakespeare 5.2. 73-77).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Othello says that he is forced to kill Desdemona because of what she did to him. He does not want to kill her much, but is so angered by her supposed “cheating”, that he believes he has no other option but to punish her with death.
  • Claim 2:
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
  • Counterclaim 2: Although, ....
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • At first glance it appears that many in Act 5 of Othello are caused by anger. At first glance this position seems reasonable because more often than not, crimes such as murders, are committed as an act of anger. But after taking a closer look, it is clear that nearly all of the murders in Act 5 of Othello were a result of jealousy controlling one’s decisions and actions. The death of Roderigo was an indirect result of Iago’s jealousy of Cassio, and Desdemona’s death was because of Othello’s jealousy toward Cassio for an imaginary affair. These murders were either a direct, or indirect result of jealousy in some form or another.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • In Act 5 of Othello, Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy can control one’s actions and decisions.

Monday, September 28, 2015

Othello Act 2 Summary Response Redo

Summary Response Outline Redo
By: Rachel Kelley and Mikaila Kuhl

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • In the writing of Othello, Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy can rule one’s decisions.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • In the start of act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and there is a great celebration. Iago quickly took advantage of this situation, and used it to follow through with his  plan to take the title of Lieutenant from Cassio.
  • Explanation of ideas
  • He decided to do this by tricking Cassio into drinking himself into oblivion, who has stated that he can hardly handle even a single cup of alcohol. In his drunken state, Cassio becomes somewhat sensitive and takes offense to a small comment, which ends up starting a fight between him and Montano. Montano is severely injured and Cassio is stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates in Othello how jealousy can cause one to go to extreme measures to accomplish their goal.
Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Act 2 in Othello, written by William Shakespeare, evidently illustrates how jealousy can rule one’s decisions because it can cause one to go to extreme measures to subdue the origin of their jealousy.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • At the start of Act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and everyone is in a joyful state. Later a celebration occurs and as most people know, celebrations tend to come with alcohol. Iago took advantage of this situation and used the skills he excels the most at, persuasion and manipulation.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • In the midst of the celebration,  Iago and Cassio were speaking to each other and Iago convinces Cassio to drink, even after being told that he does not handle alcohol well. Cassio states, “‘O, they are our friends! But one cup; I’ll drink for you’‘I have drunk but one cup tonight, and that was craftily qualified too, and behold what innovation it makes here. I am unfortunate in the infirmity and dare not task my weakness with any more’‘What, man! ‘Tis a night of revels. The gallants desire it’” (Shakespeare 2. 3. 38-45).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Cassio made it clear to Iago that he does not handle alcohol well, but Iago being the persuasive man he is, convinces Cassio that he needs to drink the wine to celebrate. Cassio quickly gives in and decides to have another drink, even though he knows the consequences. Once he is drunk, Cassio engages in a fight with Montano after Montanon made an “offensive” comment towards Cassio. Therefor Cassio was stripped of his lieutenancy. This event correctly portrays that Iago was so jealous that it lead him to purposely cause a fight between Cassio and another man.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
    • However, not at all parts in Act 2 of Othello show that jealousy causes someone to take extreme measures to get what they want. This is verified by Roderigo in the many moments when he is jealous of Othello because of his wife Desdemona, but he doesn’t decide to take extreme measures. Most of the revenge that is occurring is Iago and not Roderigo.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Instead, Roderigo decided to just be Iago’s puppet and help him, ignorantly, with his plan, “‘I will do this, if you can bring it to any opportunity’‘I warrant thee. Meet me by and by the citadel. I must fetch his necessaries ashore’” (Shakespeare 2.1. 303-306).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Roderigo essentially states that he will do whatever it takes to get Desdemona back. At this instant in the story though it is not jealousy causing Roderigo to follow along with Iago’s outrageous plan, but his  desperation for love.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (Rebuttal)
  • At first glance it seems as though desperation may be the cause of the whole plot  being followed through with. Although Roderigo was jealous he did not let that dictate his decisions. He just went along with Iago’s plan, and had a different idea of what he and Iago were doing. Roderigo believed that Iago was just trying to help him. This conclusion seems compelling because desperation can cause people to do some crazy things, such as what Iago has done. Roderigo is desperate as well, but for love and he does not concoct a plan to get Desdemona back. While this conclusion seems reasonable at first glance, we should look closer at what Iago has done. Iago concocted a big elaborate plan to strip Cassio of the title Lieutenancy through many different people, such as Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo. The cause of this plan to be created was Iago’s vast jealousy towards Cassio, and it escalated so that eventually Montano is injured and Cassio loses his lieutenancy. These events show that jealousy is the cause of Iago’s and Roderigo’s decisions and actions towards others. Yes, they were both desperate but they also were mostly jealous which caused them to be desperate.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Clearly, Shakespeare presents in Othello how jealousy can lead to one taking extensive measures to get rid of the source of their jealousy.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Othello Act 2 Summary Response Outline

Summary Response Outline
By: Rachel Kelley and Mikaila Kuhl

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • In the writing of Othello, Shakespeare clearly depicts how jealousy can rule one’s decisions.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • In the start of act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and there is a great celebration. Iago quickly took advantage of this situation, and used it to follow through with his atrocious plan to take the title of Lieutenant from Cassio.
  • Explanation of ideas
  • He decided to do this by tricking Cassio into drinking himself into oblivion, who has stated that he can hardly handle even a single cup of alcohol. In his drunken state, Cassio becomes oversensitive and takes extreme offense to a small comment, which ends up starting a fight between him and Montano. Montano is severely injured and Cassio is stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates how jealousy can cause one to go to extreme measures to accomplish their goal.
Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Act 2 in Othello, written by William Shakespeare, evidently illustrates how jealousy can rule one’s decisions because it can cause one to go to extreme measures to subdue the origin of their jealousy.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • At the start of Act 2 Othello returns from the Turkish fleet being destroyed in a storm and everyone is in a joyful state. Later a celebration occurs and as most people know, celebrations tend to come with alcohol. Iago took advantage of this situation and used the skills he excels the most at, persuasion and manipulation.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • In the midst of the celebration,  Iago and Cassio were speaking to each other and Iago convinces Cassio to drink, even after being told that he does not handle alcohol well. Cassio states, “‘O, they are our friends! But one cup; I’ll drink for you’‘I have drunk but one cup tonight, and that was craftily qualified too, and behold what innovation it makes here. I am unfortunate in the infirmity and dare not task my weakness with any more’‘What, man! ‘Tis a night of revels. The gallants desire it’” (Shakespeare 2. 3. 38-45).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Cassio made it clear to Iago that he does not handle alcohol well, but Iago being the persuasive man he is, convinces Cassio that he needs to drink the wine to celebrate. Cassio quickly gives in and decides to have another drink, even though he knows the consequences. Once he is drunk, Cassio engages in a fight with Montano after Montanon made an “offensive” comment towards Cassio. Therefor Cassio was stripped of his lieutenancy.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
    • However, not at all parts in Act 2 of Othello show that jealousy causes someone to take extreme measures to get what they want. This is verified by Roderigo in the many moments when he is jealous of Othello because of his wife Desdemona, but he doesn’t decide to take extreme measures. Most of the revenge that is occurring is Iago and not Roderigo.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Instead, Roderigo decided to just be Iago’s puppet and help him, ignorantly, with his plan, “‘I will do this, if you can bring it to any opportunity’‘I warrant thee. Meet me by and by the citadel. I must fetch his necessaries ashore’” (Shakespeare 2.1. 303-306).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Roderigo essentially states that he will do whatever it takes to get Desdemona back. At this instant in the story though it is not jealousy causing Roderigo to follow along with Iago’s outrageous plan, but his  desperation for love.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (Rebuttal)
  • At first glance it seems as though desperation may be the cause of the whole plot  being followed through with. Although Roderigo was jealous he did not let that dictate his decisions. He just went along with Iago’s plan, and had a different idea of what he and Iago were doing. Roderigo believed that Iago was just trying to help him. This conclusion seems compelling because desperation can cause people to do some crazy things, such as what Iago has done. Roderigo is desperate as well, but for love and he does not concoct a plan to get Desdemona back. While this conclusion seems reasonable at first glance, we should look closer at what Iago has done. Iago concocted a big elaborate plan to strip Cassio of the title Lieutenancy through many different people, such as Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo. The cause of this plan to be created was Iago’s vast jealousy towards Cassio, and it escalated so that eventually Montano is injured and Cassio loses his lieutenancy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly, Shakespeare presents in Othello how jealousy can lead to one taking extensive measures to get rid of the source of their jealousy.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Bully Summary Response Redo

Summary Response Outline Redo
By: Rachel Kelley, Mikaila Kuhl

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • The movie Bully directed by Lee Hirsch sheds light on how bullying affects one’s life.
  • According to the movie, people commit, or attempt suicide because they felt as though could no longer live through the relentless physical and emotional bullying. The movie shows how bullying can cause mental problems, such as self doubt.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Lee Hirsch clearly depicts how bullying can influence one’s decisions in life .
  • Only third person
  • Supporting ideas
    • no quotes
  • facts; no opinions
  • Explain ideas
  • Concise
  • Attribute ideas back to author
  • No plot
  • In your own words

Response:
  • Make an argument
  • take a position (correctly or incorrectly portrays)

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
    • Bully directed by Lee Hirsch correctly depicts how bullying may hinder one’s life because it can lead to suicide.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • As the film proceeds, many different stories are told of how suicide affects someone. One student, Ty, was eleven years old when he was pushed so far he chose to end his own life. Ty was bullied to the point where he felt he did not deserve to live any longer.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Another boy, Alex, was interviewed in the film and stated, “I’m starting to think that I don’t feel anything anymore,” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
      • Alex told this to his mom because he had been bullied for so long, he felt like he became immune to the bullying that occurred every day. He also stated that he would think that when people would bully him they were just joking around, in order to not accept that fact that he was being bullied. Him thinking that he doesn’t feel anything anymore could lead to suicide.  
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
      • However, not all people that are bullied commit suicide. Kelby, a high school student, is bullied and discriminated because she is gay. While she was bullied by both teachers as well as students, she did not commit suicide, but rather pushed through it and thought she could change people’s views.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • As said by Kelby, “All it takes is one person to stand up against bullying,” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
      • While Kelby was bullied just as much, if not more, as other students across the country, she decided that suicide was not the solution, and took a different approach to the problem. This is an example of bullying not leading to suicide, but rather an attempt to come to a better resolution.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?(Rebuttal)
    • At first glance bullying seems like an easy problem to fix. This position seems reasonable because some people that are victim of bullying choose to take the different approach and try to stand up to the bullying, such as Kelby. However, most people that are victims of bullying do get damaged though because the mental and physical abuse is too much to handle. Often, students communicate their feelings and express their emotions through self-harm and suicide.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Overall, Hirsch clearly depicts how self-harm is a common result to bullying and one’s life is often damaged when bullying takes place.